Ugrás a tartalomhoz Lépj a menübe
 


Wikipedia (english)

 

 

Lake Balaton

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
 
 
Lake Balaton
Location of Lake Balaton within Hungary
Location Hungary
Coordinates 46°50′N 17°44′ECoordinates46°50′N 17°44′E
Lake type Rift lake
Primary inflows Zala River
Primary outflows Sió
Catchment area 5,174 km2 (1,998 sq mi)[1]
Basincountries Hungary
 
Max. length 77 km (48 mi)
Max. width 14 km (8.7 mi)
Surface area 592 km2 (229 sq mi)
Average depth 3.2 m (10 ft)
Max. depth 12.2 m (40 ft)
Water volume 1.9 km3 (0.46 cu mi)
Residence time 2 years
Shore length1 236 km (147 mi)
Surface elevation 104.8 m (344 ft)
 
Settlements KeszthelySiófokBalatonfüred(see list)
1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.

Lake Balaton, or The Balaton, is a freshwater lake in the Transdanubian region of Hungary. It is the largest lake in Central Europe,[2] and one of its foremost tourist destinations. The Zala River provides the largest inflow of water to the lake, and the canalized Sió is the only outflow.

The mountainous region of the northern shore is known both for its historic character and as a major wine region, while the flat southern shore is known for its resort townsBalatonfüred and Hévíz developed early as resorts for the wealthy, but it was not until the late 19th century when landowners, with their vines destroyed by lice, began building summer homes to rent out to the burgeoning middle classes.[3]

Contents

  [hide

[edit]Name

In Hungarian, the lake is known simply as a Balaton, or "the Balaton". This name derives from the Slavic blato meaning 'mud' or 'swamp' (from earlier Proto-Slavic boltьnoSloveneBlatno jezero,[4][5] SlovakBlatenské jazero[6]). Slavic prince Pribina began to build in January 846 a large fortress as his seat of power and several churches in the region of Lake Balaton, in a territory of modernZalavár surrounded by forests and swamps along the river Zala.[7][8][9] His extremely well fortified castle and capital of Balaton Principality that became known as Blatnohrad or Moosburg ("Swamp Fortress") served as a bulwark both against the Bulgarians and the Moravians.[7][8][9]

The Romans called the lake Lacus Pelso ("Lake Pelso").[10] Pelso derives from a local name for the lake, perhaps from the Illyrian language, as the Illyrians once populated the region. Paleolinguists[who?] surmise that "Pelso" meant "shallow" in Illyrian; this deduction is based on a surmised Proto-Indo-European root *pels-.[citation needed]

The German name for the lake is Plattensee.[11] It is unlikely that the Germans named the lake so for being shallow since the adjective platt is a Greek loanword that was borrowed via French and entered the general German vocabulary in the 17th century.[12][13] It is also noteworthy that the average depth of Balaton (3.2m)[14] is not extraordinary for the area (cf. the average depth of the neighbouring Neusiedler See, which is roughly 1m).[15]

[edit]Climate

Map of Balaton in ancient times

Lake Balaton affects the local area precipitation every year. The area receives approximately two to three inches (5–7 cm) more precipitation than most of Hungary, resulting in more cloudy days and less extreme temperatures. The lake's surface freezes during cold winters. The microclimate around Lake Balaton has also made the region ideal for viniculture. The lake, acting as a mirror, greatly increases the amount of sunlight that the grapevines of the region receive.[citation needed] The Mediterranean-like climate, combined with the soil (containing volcanic rock), has made the region notable for its production of wines since the Roman period two thousand years ago.[16]

[edit]History

While a few settlements on Lake Balaton, including Balatonfüred and Hévíz, have long been resort centres for the Hungarian aristocracy, it was only in the late 19th century that the Hungarian middle class began to visit the lake.[17] The construction of railways in 1861 and 1909 increased tourism substantially, but the post-war boom of the 1950s was exponentially larger.

Operation Frühlingserwachen was conducted in the region of Lake Balaton in March 1945, being referred to as "the Lake Balaton Offensive" in many British histories of the Second World War. The battle was a German attack by Sepp Dietrich's 6th Panzer Armybetween 6 March and 16 March 1945, and in the end, resulted in a Red Army victory. Several Ilyushin Il-2 wrecks have been pulled out of the lake after having been shot down during the latter months of the war.

During the 1960s and 1970s, Balaton became a major tourist destination for ordinary working Hungarians and especially for subsidised holiday excursions for union members. It also attracted many East Germans and other residents of the Eastern BlocWest Germanscould also visit, making Balaton a common meeting place for families and friends separated by the Berlin Wall until 1989.[18] The collapse of Communism after 1991 and the dismantling of the unions saw the gradual but steady reduction in numbers of lower-paid Hungarians.

[edit]Tourism

The major resorts around the lake are SiófokKeszthely, and BalatonfüredZamárdi, another resort town on the southern shore, has been the site of Balaton Sound, a notableelectronic music festival since 2007. Balatonkenese has hosted numerous traditional gastronomic events. Siófok is known for attracting young people to it because of its large clubs. Keszthely is the site of the Festetics Palace and Balatonfüred is a historical bathing town which hosts the annual Anna Ball.

The peak tourist season extends from June until the end of August. The average water temperature during the summer is 25°C, which makes bathing and swimming popular on the lake. Most of the beaches consist of either grass, rocks, or the silty sand that also makes up most of the bottom of the lake. Many resorts have artificial sandy beaches and all beaches have step access to the water. Other tourist attractions include sailing, fishing, and other water sports, as well as visiting the countryside and hills, wineries on the north coast, and nightlife on the south shore. The Tihany Peninsula is a historical district. Badacsony is a volcanic mountain and wine-growing region as well as a lakeside resort. The lake is almost completely surrounded by separated bike lanes to facilitate bicycle tourism. Although the peak season at the lake is the summer, Balaton is also frequented during the winter, when visitors go ice-fishing or even skate, sledge, or ice-sail on the lake if it freezes over.

Balaton was served by Sármellék International Airport (Fly Balaton).

Other resort towns include: BalatonalmádiBalatonboglárBalatonlelleFonyód and Vonyarcvashegy.

[edit]Towns and villages

Towns and villages alongside Lake Balaton.

[edit]North shore

From east to west:

Balatonfőkajár - Balatonakarattya - Balatonkenese - Balatonfűzfő - Balatonalmádi - Alsóörs - Paloznak -Csopak - Balatonarács - Balatonfüred - Tihany - Aszófő - Örvényes - Balatonudvari - Fövenyes -Balatonakali - Zánka - Balatonszepezd - Szepezdfürdő - Révfülöp - Pálköve - Ábrahámhegy -Balatonrendes - Badacsonytomaj - Badacsony - Badacsonytördemic - Szigliget - Balatonederics -Balatongyörök - Vonyarcvashegy - Gyenesdiás - Keszthely

[edit]South shore

From east to west:

Balatonakarattya - Balatonaliga - Balatonvilágos - Sóstó - Szabadifürdő - Siófok - Széplak - Zamárdi -Szántód - Balatonföldvár - Balatonszárszó - Balatonszemes - Balatonlelle - Balatonboglár - Fonyód -Bélatelep - Balatonfenyves - Balatonmáriafürdő - Balatonkeresztúr - Balatonberény - Fenékpuszta

[edit]Gallery

 

Hozzászólások

Hozzászólás megtekintése

Hozzászólások megtekintése

!Vive el desenlace del Torneo Mid Season de #eLaLigaSantander

(Janicedat, 2020.11.25 02:40)

<a href=https://elaliga.eswindow.info/h4GcjJ2F1nxz0Ks/vive-el.html><img src="https://i.ytimg.com/vi/VHhUhQsKAjs/hqdefault.jpg"></a>

ВЎVive <a href=https://elaliga.eswindow.info/h4GcjJ2F1nxz0Ks/vive-el.html>el</a> desenlace del Torneo Mid Season de #eLaLigaSantander

cdGug derGug

(RaGug, 2020.11.25 02:06)

Подтверждаю. И я с этим столкнулся. Давайте обсудим этот вопрос. Здесь или в PM.


------
<a href=http://modscraft.net/mods/page/65/>http://modscraft.net/mods/page/65/</a>


1 часть намнога лутше и смешней:)


------
<a href=https://bestcryptomixer.io/>bitcoin tumblers</a>


Вы, наверное, ошиблись?


------
<a href=https://xn--80aakfajgcdf8bbqzbrl1h3d.xn--p1ai/>дизайн студия сочи</a>


Я извиняюсь, но, по-моему, Вы ошибаетесь. Пишите мне в PM.


------
<a href=https://accs-shop.com/>купить автореги фейсбук</a>


По моему мнению Вы ошибаетесь. Давайте обсудим.


------
<a href=https://bestexchanger.io/>cryptocurrency trade</a>


Я считаю, что Вы не правы. Я уверен. Давайте обсудим это. Пишите мне в PM, поговорим.


------
<a href=https://followerspro.ru/>накрутка лайков и подписчиков в инстаграме</a>


Я считаю, что Вас обманули.


------
<a href=https://joycasino-oficialniy-sayt.com/>joycasino вход</a>


Какая талантливая фраза


------
<a href=https://lolz.guru/threads/1953471/>https://lolz.guru/threads/1953471/</a>


Отпишитесь!!!!


------
<a href=https://lolz.guru/market/supercell/>аккаунт brawl stars</a>

Рекомендую Вам посетить сайт, на котором есть много информации по этому вопросу.


------
<a href=https://casino-x-na-dengi.info/>casino x официальный казино х сайт</a>

pov big mom porn tube or latina reverse cowgirl porn on promuvieclub.com

(wearatug, 2020.11.25 02:03)

<img src="https://i.ibb.co/zJCh6V8/3.jpg">

lesbian sorority video couple sex porn free movie sexy vanessa porn videos oriental ass pics dolly teena shemales underwater tube keds fetish shemales trannies ladyboys fucking big tit lesbiams
<a href=http://promuvieclub.com/category/teen/>http://promuvieclub.com/category/teen/</a> or go to <a href=http://promuvieclub.com/category/milf/>transformation shemale</a>

Zjntmf iapaxc

(Syejk, 2020.11.24 23:45)

We where opioid induced while alkaline at a red staining. <a href="http://cheapessayw.com/">term papers for sale</a> Jfshnl kxmkwz

grablo.se

(grablo.se, 2020.11.24 20:41)


Truly no matter if someone doesn't be aware of then its up to other people that they will assist, so here it happens. http://payre.grablo.se/for-men/snack-smart-nutrilett.php snack smart nutrilett

200 IQ FALL GUYS STRATEGY

(Krystalrab, 2020.11.24 17:17)

<a href=https://ssundee.bgfix.info/rtPUZHel2Xdld4Y/200-iq><img src="https://i.ytimg.com/vi/Mrr4FswD5GU/hqdefault.jpg"></a>

200 IQ FALL <a href=https://ssundee.bgfix.info/rtPUZHel2Xdld4Y/200-iq>GUYS</a> STRATEGY

Диеты, предсказание и другие полезные статьи

(Davidsoype, 2020.11.24 11:37)

Жиры не рекомендовано применять ни с одним обликом белковой
еды, примем как в пребывании жиров переваривание белков
замедляется по последней мере на 2 часа. Жареное мясо не
смешивается с яичками, молоком и т.д., только несмотря для однако
вышесказанное отличный смешивается с сырыми зеленоватыми
овощами и травками.
<a href=https://marfushka.com/>Марфушка</a>
<a href=https://marfushka.com/sonnik>сонник</a>
<a href=https://marfushka.com/taina_imeni> что означает имя</a>
<a href=https://marfushka.com/recepty/>лучшие кулинарные рецепты</a>
<a href=https://marfushka.com/horoscopes/>гороскоп</a>
<a href=https://marfushka.com/article/>каталог диет</a>

Kapcsolódó

(HarryVep, 2020.11.24 07:09)

Lipetsk fürdő megújítása <a href=https://megaremont.pro/lipetsk-restavratsiya-vann>https://megaremont.pro/lipetsk-restavratsiya-vann</a>

anal object inception or kiss ass navy slogans on promuvieclub.com

(wearatug, 2020.11.24 04:39)

plumber pounds dillion amature anal mature perfect naked threesome to sleep in japanese free high quality amateur video drunk gay clips fat ass milf fucked cum from her lick pussy tamil actress porn download
<a href=http://promuvieclub.com/hardcore/girl-from-nude-maid-service-been-fucked-hard/>http://promuvieclub.com/hardcore/girl-from-nude-maid-service-been-fucked-hard/</a>

grablo.se

(grablo.se, 2020.11.22 11:37)


Hurrah, that's what I was looking for, what a data! existing here at this web site, thanks admin of this website. http://hench.grablo.se/beauty/kap-verde-karta.php kap verde karta

cabdtin.se

(cabdtin.se, 2020.11.20 22:37)


We stumbled over here from a different website and thought I should check things out. I like what I see so now i am following you. Look forward to checking out your web page repeatedly. http://aztu.cabdtin.se/decorations/mens-efter-samlag.php mens efter samlag

This program will get you where you need to go

(JeffreyBar, 2020.11.20 21:58)

Product Overview. AIMP is a lightweight but powerful music
player with all the features you need to play almost every
audio format available. The application is filled with useful
features and functionality in a surprisingly small package
with a minimal View More

https://globalcool.gr/wp
http://www.bb-metal.hr/

lighter skin remedies

(Herbertglogy, 2020.11.20 19:25)

vitamin d3 pills <a href=http://mobilfotograf.dk/valiumdk.html>http://mobilfotograf.dk/valiumdk.html</a> homeopathic gas remedy

cabdtin.se

(cabdtin.se, 2020.11.20 05:00)


Hi colleagues, how is everything, and what you want to say regarding this post, in my view its actually amazing designed for me. http://goap.cabdtin.se/beautiful-things/max-factor-masterpiece-max.php max factor masterpiece max

Кубань фото

(Inga, 2020.11.20 03:19)


<a href=https://kuban.photography/>новые фото кубань</a>

clinique bonus ГҐhlens glishist.se

(glishist.se, 2020.11.19 23:45)


Having read this I thought it was really informative. I appreciate you taking the time and energy to put this informative article together. I once again find myself personally spending a lot of time both reading and leaving comments. But so what, it was still worthwhile! http://debhi.glishist.se/for-men/clinique-bonus-hlens.php clinique bonus ГҐhlens

cabdtin.se

(cabdtin.se, 2020.11.19 12:17)


That is a really good tip particularly to those fresh to the blogosphere. Simple but very precise info… Many thanks for sharing this one. A must read article! http://elor.cabdtin.se/for-women/olive-oil-cream.php olive oil cream

XRumer 19.0 + XEvil 5.0 megoldása több mint 8400 típusú CAPTCHAs

(aNatashasek8124zk, 2020.11.19 04:24)

Absolutely NEW update of captcha recognition software "XRumer 19.0 + XEvil":

Captcha solution of Google (ReCaptcha-2 and ReCaptcha-3), Facebook, BitFinex, Bing, Hotmail, SolveMedia, Yandex,
and more than 12000 another subtypes of captchas,
with highest precision (80..100%) and highest speed (100 img per second).
You can use XEvil 5.0 with any most popular SEO/SMM programms: iMacros, XRumer, SERP Parser, GSA SER, RankerX, ZennoPoster, Scrapebox, Senuke, FaucetCollector and more than 100 of other programms.

Interested? There are a lot of impessive videos about XEvil in YouTube.

Free XEvil Demo available.

See you later!

hur mГҐnga kalorier bacboo.se

(bacboo.se, 2020.11.18 23:57)


Hey! Do you know if they make any plugins to safeguard against hackers? I'm kinda paranoid about losing everything I've worked hard on. Any recommendations? http://leutu.bacboo.se/relaxation/hur-mnga-kalorier.php hur mГҐnga kalorier

Жизнь на юге

(Danil, 2020.11.18 18:35)


<a href=https://south.life/>горы краснодарский край отдых</a>


1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46

Következő »



 

 

Profilkép


Utolsó kép



Archívum

Naptár
<< November / 2020 >>


Statisztika

Most: 2
Összes: 66139
30 nap: 2257
24 óra: 135