Ugrás a tartalomhoz Lépj a menübe
 


Wikipedia (english)

 

 

Lake Balaton

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
 
 
Lake Balaton
Location of Lake Balaton within Hungary
Location Hungary
Coordinates 46°50′N 17°44′ECoordinates46°50′N 17°44′E
Lake type Rift lake
Primary inflows Zala River
Primary outflows Sió
Catchment area 5,174 km2 (1,998 sq mi)[1]
Basincountries Hungary
 
Max. length 77 km (48 mi)
Max. width 14 km (8.7 mi)
Surface area 592 km2 (229 sq mi)
Average depth 3.2 m (10 ft)
Max. depth 12.2 m (40 ft)
Water volume 1.9 km3 (0.46 cu mi)
Residence time 2 years
Shore length1 236 km (147 mi)
Surface elevation 104.8 m (344 ft)
 
Settlements KeszthelySiófokBalatonfüred(see list)
1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.

Lake Balaton, or The Balaton, is a freshwater lake in the Transdanubian region of Hungary. It is the largest lake in Central Europe,[2] and one of its foremost tourist destinations. The Zala River provides the largest inflow of water to the lake, and the canalized Sió is the only outflow.

The mountainous region of the northern shore is known both for its historic character and as a major wine region, while the flat southern shore is known for its resort townsBalatonfüred and Hévíz developed early as resorts for the wealthy, but it was not until the late 19th century when landowners, with their vines destroyed by lice, began building summer homes to rent out to the burgeoning middle classes.[3]

Contents

  [hide

[edit]Name

In Hungarian, the lake is known simply as a Balaton, or "the Balaton". This name derives from the Slavic blato meaning 'mud' or 'swamp' (from earlier Proto-Slavic boltьnoSloveneBlatno jezero,[4][5] SlovakBlatenské jazero[6]). Slavic prince Pribina began to build in January 846 a large fortress as his seat of power and several churches in the region of Lake Balaton, in a territory of modernZalavár surrounded by forests and swamps along the river Zala.[7][8][9] His extremely well fortified castle and capital of Balaton Principality that became known as Blatnohrad or Moosburg ("Swamp Fortress") served as a bulwark both against the Bulgarians and the Moravians.[7][8][9]

The Romans called the lake Lacus Pelso ("Lake Pelso").[10] Pelso derives from a local name for the lake, perhaps from the Illyrian language, as the Illyrians once populated the region. Paleolinguists[who?] surmise that "Pelso" meant "shallow" in Illyrian; this deduction is based on a surmised Proto-Indo-European root *pels-.[citation needed]

The German name for the lake is Plattensee.[11] It is unlikely that the Germans named the lake so for being shallow since the adjective platt is a Greek loanword that was borrowed via French and entered the general German vocabulary in the 17th century.[12][13] It is also noteworthy that the average depth of Balaton (3.2m)[14] is not extraordinary for the area (cf. the average depth of the neighbouring Neusiedler See, which is roughly 1m).[15]

[edit]Climate

Map of Balaton in ancient times

Lake Balaton affects the local area precipitation every year. The area receives approximately two to three inches (5–7 cm) more precipitation than most of Hungary, resulting in more cloudy days and less extreme temperatures. The lake's surface freezes during cold winters. The microclimate around Lake Balaton has also made the region ideal for viniculture. The lake, acting as a mirror, greatly increases the amount of sunlight that the grapevines of the region receive.[citation needed] The Mediterranean-like climate, combined with the soil (containing volcanic rock), has made the region notable for its production of wines since the Roman period two thousand years ago.[16]

[edit]History

While a few settlements on Lake Balaton, including Balatonfüred and Hévíz, have long been resort centres for the Hungarian aristocracy, it was only in the late 19th century that the Hungarian middle class began to visit the lake.[17] The construction of railways in 1861 and 1909 increased tourism substantially, but the post-war boom of the 1950s was exponentially larger.

Operation Frühlingserwachen was conducted in the region of Lake Balaton in March 1945, being referred to as "the Lake Balaton Offensive" in many British histories of the Second World War. The battle was a German attack by Sepp Dietrich's 6th Panzer Armybetween 6 March and 16 March 1945, and in the end, resulted in a Red Army victory. Several Ilyushin Il-2 wrecks have been pulled out of the lake after having been shot down during the latter months of the war.

During the 1960s and 1970s, Balaton became a major tourist destination for ordinary working Hungarians and especially for subsidised holiday excursions for union members. It also attracted many East Germans and other residents of the Eastern BlocWest Germanscould also visit, making Balaton a common meeting place for families and friends separated by the Berlin Wall until 1989.[18] The collapse of Communism after 1991 and the dismantling of the unions saw the gradual but steady reduction in numbers of lower-paid Hungarians.

[edit]Tourism

The major resorts around the lake are SiófokKeszthely, and BalatonfüredZamárdi, another resort town on the southern shore, has been the site of Balaton Sound, a notableelectronic music festival since 2007. Balatonkenese has hosted numerous traditional gastronomic events. Siófok is known for attracting young people to it because of its large clubs. Keszthely is the site of the Festetics Palace and Balatonfüred is a historical bathing town which hosts the annual Anna Ball.

The peak tourist season extends from June until the end of August. The average water temperature during the summer is 25°C, which makes bathing and swimming popular on the lake. Most of the beaches consist of either grass, rocks, or the silty sand that also makes up most of the bottom of the lake. Many resorts have artificial sandy beaches and all beaches have step access to the water. Other tourist attractions include sailing, fishing, and other water sports, as well as visiting the countryside and hills, wineries on the north coast, and nightlife on the south shore. The Tihany Peninsula is a historical district. Badacsony is a volcanic mountain and wine-growing region as well as a lakeside resort. The lake is almost completely surrounded by separated bike lanes to facilitate bicycle tourism. Although the peak season at the lake is the summer, Balaton is also frequented during the winter, when visitors go ice-fishing or even skate, sledge, or ice-sail on the lake if it freezes over.

Balaton was served by Sármellék International Airport (Fly Balaton).

Other resort towns include: BalatonalmádiBalatonboglárBalatonlelleFonyód and Vonyarcvashegy.

[edit]Towns and villages

Towns and villages alongside Lake Balaton.

[edit]North shore

From east to west:

Balatonfőkajár - Balatonakarattya - Balatonkenese - Balatonfűzfő - Balatonalmádi - Alsóörs - Paloznak -Csopak - Balatonarács - Balatonfüred - Tihany - Aszófő - Örvényes - Balatonudvari - Fövenyes -Balatonakali - Zánka - Balatonszepezd - Szepezdfürdő - Révfülöp - Pálköve - Ábrahámhegy -Balatonrendes - Badacsonytomaj - Badacsony - Badacsonytördemic - Szigliget - Balatonederics -Balatongyörök - Vonyarcvashegy - Gyenesdiás - Keszthely

[edit]South shore

From east to west:

Balatonakarattya - Balatonaliga - Balatonvilágos - Sóstó - Szabadifürdő - Siófok - Széplak - Zamárdi -Szántód - Balatonföldvár - Balatonszárszó - Balatonszemes - Balatonlelle - Balatonboglár - Fonyód -Bélatelep - Balatonfenyves - Balatonmáriafürdő - Balatonkeresztúr - Balatonberény - Fenékpuszta

[edit]Gallery

 

Hozzászólások

Hozzászólás megtekintése

Hozzászólások megtekintése

Hello

(CRAYNE3720, 2021.01.21 08:15)

https://zordelectro.ru/kabel-ot-dvigatelja-do-chastotnogo-preobrazovatelja/

Ландшафтный дизайн под ключ

(DesignRop, 2021.01.21 07:45)


Ландшафтный дизайн под ключ от команды специалистов ландшафтного профиля учитывает ландшафтный дизайн, благоустройство и озеленение. https://t.me/s/landscap_design Мы ценим время и работаем согласно установленным сроком с гарантией фиксации цены на весь объем ландшафтных работ.

frasiga våfflor med bubbelvatten

(frasiga våfflor med bubbelvatten, 2021.01.21 07:37)


I do not even know the way I ended up here, but I assumed this post was once good. I don't understand who you're however definitely you are going to a well-known blogger for those who aren't already. Cheers! <a href="http://berca.goowommpri.com/beautiful-things/frasiga-vfflor-med-bubbelvatten.php">frasiga v&aring;fflor med bubbelvatten</a>

uwgflmnerevn

(wifmltly, 2021.01.21 06:10)

cialis without prescription https://gecialisra.com/ - best place to buy cialis online
buy cialis
cialis generic name <a href=https://gecialisra.com/>order cialis pills</a> cialis prescription

samuel barber adagio for strings

(samuel barber adagio for strings, 2021.01.20 23:35)


What's up, for all time i used to check weblog posts here in the early hours in the morning, since i love to find out more and more. <a href="http://ucva.goowommpri.com/travels/samuel-barber-adagio-for-strings.php">samuel barber adagio for strings</a>

elenas naglar pris

(elenas naglar pris, 2021.01.20 20:52)


I was wondering if you ever considered changing the structure of your blog? Its very well written; I love what youve got to say. But maybe you could a little more in the way of content so people could connect with it better. Youve got an awful lot of text for only having one or two images. Maybe you could space it out better? <a href="http://winsme.seamstyb.se/beautiful-things/elenas-naglar-pris.php">elenas naglar pris</a>

50g i dl

(50g i dl, 2021.01.20 18:03)


Quality articles or reviews is the secret to be a focus for the visitors to pay a visit the site, that's what this web page is providing. <a href="http://camad.girlsprizladies.com/news/50g-i-dl.php">50g i dl</a>

Спасительная магия

(Illona, 2021.01.20 17:30)


<a href=http://caffete.ru>молитва о благополучии и достатке в семье</a>

Get with knock off offensive payment dispensary

(Zavidrew, 2021.01.20 17:06)

cialis 5mg replies
cialis and alcohol safe i forgot my password
<a href="https://viawithoutdc.com/#">generic viagra without doctor prescription
</a> - cialis 10mg or 20mg who is online
https://viawithoutdc.com/# - generic viagra without doctor prescription
buy cialis online all times are utc

Easy face and eye makeup tutorial for girls - Jannat Zubair Rahmani

(EleanorSulge, 2021.01.20 15:34)

<a href=https://completestylingwithjannatzubairofficial.inhistory.info/n6ieso6MY6mdmHk/easy-face.html><img src="https://i.ytimg.com/vi/nulMXS2r8bA/hqdefault.jpg"></a>

Easy face and eye makeup tutorial for girls - Jannat Zubair <a href=https://completestylingwithjannatzubairofficial.inhistory.info/n6ieso6MY6mdmHk/easy-face.html>Rahmani</a>

clearblue digital pris

(clearblue digital pris, 2021.01.20 07:57)


You are so awesome! I don't believe I have read something like this before. So great to discover someone with genuine thoughts on this issue. Really.. thanks for starting this up. This web site is one thing that is required on the web, someone with a little originality! <a href="http://leica.girlsprizladies.com/for-men/clearblue-digital-pris.php">clearblue digital pris</a>

felanm&auml;lan telia bredband

(felanm&auml;lan telia bredband, 2021.01.19 23:10)


I know this if off topic but I'm looking into starting my own blog and was wondering what all is needed to get set up? I'm assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny? I'm not very internet savvy so I'm not 100% positive. Any suggestions or advice would be greatly appreciated. Appreciate it <a href="http://topes.girlsprizladies.com/sport/felanmaelan-telia-bredband.php">felanm&auml;lan telia bredband</a>

2021NYEL 2021 NEW YEAR'S EVE LIVE Countdown D-2 - (BUMZU)

(Natashabot, 2021.01.19 21:57)

<a href=https://ibighit.ukread.info/2021nyel-2021/j3-QwpmafLWqmJk><img src="https://i.ytimg.com/vi/WIY_3bHTue4/hqdefault.jpg"></a>

2021NYEL 2021 <a href=https://ibighit.ukread.info/2021nyel-2021/j3-QwpmafLWqmJk>NEW</a> YEAR'S EVE LIVE Countdown D-2 - лІ”мЈј (BUMZU)

MoccadoRorKnoro cnzdc

(PrupsduppelullY, 2021.01.19 21:02)

nuleaf cbd oil https://cbdhempoildk.com/ cbd cream <a href="https://cbdhempoildk.com/ ">best cbd products </a> cbd oil store

Магия здоровья и процветания

(Aslan, 2021.01.19 20:42)


<a href=https://rescuer.info>молитва на благополучие в семье и достаток</a>

smoothie havremj&ouml;lk bl&aring;b&auml;r

(smoothie havremj&ouml;lk bl&aring;b&auml;r, 2021.01.19 13:35)


Please let me know if you're looking for a author for your weblog. You have some really great articles and I believe I would be a good asset. If you ever want to take some of the load off, I'd really like to write some articles for your blog in exchange for a link back to mine. Please blast me an e-mail if interested. Regards! <a href="http://olam.girlsprizladies.com/beautiful-things/smoothie-havremjoelk-blbaer.php">smoothie havremj&ouml;lk bl&aring;b&auml;r</a>

japancasino-x play

(japancasinox, 2021.01.19 12:54)

Should you tell you on a false way.

-----
<a href=https://japancasino-x.com/>https://japancasino-x.com/</a> | https://japancasino-x.com/

Грамотно работаем

(ecoHuh, 2021.01.19 12:07)

<b><a href=https://eco-corporation.ru></a></b>

milical draineur minceur

(milical draineur minceur, 2021.01.19 04:37)


Does your website have a contact page? I'm having trouble locating it but, I'd like to shoot you an e-mail. I've got some recommendations for your blog you might be interested in hearing. Either way, great website and I look forward to seeing it grow over time. <a href="http://naha.girlsprizladies.com/decorations/milical-draineur-minceur.php">milical draineur minceur</a>

Nag with lower broken-hearted payment pharmacopoeia

(ArzhurDem, 2021.01.19 02:47)

cialis 10mg tabs
buy cheap generic cialis
<a href="https://mtadalafil.com/#">side effects for tadalafil
</a> - is cilais professional just double the dose of cialis
https://mtadalafil.com/# - cialis tadalafil 20 mg
effectiveness viagra versus cialis


1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 | 57 | 58 | 59 | 60 | 61 | 62 | 63 | 64 | 65 | 66 | 67 | 68 | 69 | 70 | 71 | 72 | 73 | 74 | 75 | 76 | 77 | 78 | 79 | 80 | 81 | 82

Következő »



 

 

Profilkép


Utolsó kép



Archívum

Naptár
<< Január / 2021 >>


Statisztika

Most: 1
Összes: 73962
30 nap: 4578
24 óra: 126